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Black Friday was a suffragette demonstration in London on 18 November , in which women marched to the Houses of Parliament as part of their campaign to secure voting rights for women. The day earned its name from the violence meted out to protesters, some of it sexual, by the Metropolitan Police and male bystanders.

A local craftsman is building a new business on old values Air Date: The Women's Suffrage Movement: The electricals website has been running Black Friday deals for several days and releasing new discounts every day. Conciliation Committee for Woman Suffrage.

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Black Friday took on another meaning in central London when a power cut plunged a large part of Soho into darkness. Theatre shows were cancelled and shops closed as tourists and shoppers tried to.
The UK is preparing for what could be its biggest Black Friday yet on 25 November, as the US import becomes a fixture on this side of the Atlantic. So what deals have retailers got in store for.
Businesses say the idea of Black Friday shopping is starting to take off in London.
Businesses say the idea of Black Friday shopping is starting to take off in London.
Black Friday in London

Top Domestic Destinations for Black Friday Flight Deals

Black Friday Steals on HotUKDeals. Taking place on the fourth Friday in November, Black Friday is the day on which many retailers dramatically slash their prices, marking the beginning of the Christmas shopping season. Ranging from electrical appliances to clothing, or even a summer holiday, HotUKDeals collects all the great Black Friday offers on their exclusive merchant pages.

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UK Power Networks said: The prime minister calls for "cool heads" as the UK and the EU search for a deal ahead of a key summit. England selected Local News Regions London selected. Media playback is unsupported on your device. More on this story. Video Power cut causes blackout in London's Soho. Top Stories May says Brexit deal still 'achievable' The prime minister calls for "cool heads" as the UK and the EU search for a deal ahead of a key summit. From around —following the failure of a private member's bill to introduce the vote for women—the organisation increasingly began to use militant direct action to campaign for women's suffrage.

From WSPU members adopted the name suffragettes , to differentiate from the suffragists of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies , who employed constitutional methods in their campaign for the vote. Parliament was guarded by an army of police to prevent the women approaching its sacred precincts. The constables had their orders to drive them away, making as few arrests as possible.

Mounted men scattered the marchers; foot police seized them by the back of the neck and rushed them along at arm's length, thumping them in the back, and bumping them with their knees in approved police fashion.

Those who took refuge in doorways were dragged down the steps and hurled in front of the horses, then pounced upon by constables and beaten again. As night advanced the violence grew. Finally fifty-four women and two men had been arrested. After one demonstration in June in which "roughs appeared, organised gangs, who treated the women with every type of indignity", [9] Sylvia Pankhurst complained that "the ill-usage by the police and the roughs was greater than we had hitherto experienced".

Asquith , the Prime Minister; 3, police provided tight security to prevent the women from entering parliament, arresting women and 14 men.

Sylvia Pankhurst wrote that "Since we must go to prison to obtain the vote, let it be the windows of the Government, not the bodies of women which shall be broken, was the argument". At a demonstration in October —at which the WSPU again attempted to rush into parliament—ten demonstrators were taken to hospital.

The suffragettes did not complain about the rising level of police violence. Constance Lytton wrote that "the word went round that we were to conceal as best we might, our various injuries. It was no part of our policy to get the police into trouble.

Public opinion turned against the tactics and, according to Morrell, the government capitalised on the shifting public feeling to introduce stronger measures. Thus, in October , Herbert Gladstone , the Home Secretary , instructed that all prisoners on hunger strike should be force fed. The Liberal government elected in was a reforming one which introduced legislation to combat poverty, deal with unemployment and establish pensions. The Conservative Party -dominated House of Lords impeded much of the legislation.

The proposal was dismissed by suffrage campaigners as being unlikely to materialise. Asquith retained power after he was able to form a government with the support of the Irish Parliamentary Party.

On 31January , in response to Asquith's statement, Pankhurst announced that the WSPU would pause all militant activity and focus on constitutional activities only. Both Churchill and Lloyd George voted against the measure; Churchill called it "anti-democratic". They further decided that if no additional parliamentary time was given over to the Conciliation Bill, Christabel Pankhurst would lead a delegation to Parliament, demand the bill be made law, and refuse to leave until that was carried out.

On 18 November , in an attempt to resolve the parliamentary impasse arising from the House of Lords veto on Commons legislation, Asquith called a general election, and said that parliament would be dissolved on 28 November; all remaining time was to be given over to official government business.

He did not refer to the Conciliation Bill. The event had been widely publicised, and the national press were prepared for the expected demonstration later in the day.

They were escorted back to St Stephen's entrance, where they were left to watch the demonstration. Groups approaching Parliament Square were met at the Westminster Abbey entrance to the square by groups of bystanders, who manhandled the women. As they moved past the men, the suffragettes were met by lines of policemen who, instead of arresting them, subjected them to violence and insults, much of which was sexual in nature. The demonstration continued for six hours; police beat women attempting to enter parliament, then threw them into the crowds of onlookers, where they were subjected to further assaults.

Sylvia Pankhurst recorded that "We saw the women go out and return exhausted, with black eyes, bleeding noses, bruises, sprains and dislocations. The cry went round: Police pushed her chair pushed into a side road, assaulted her and stole the valves from the wheels, leaving her stranded.

On 18 November, 4 men and women were arrested. Kelly, in her examination of how the media reported the suffrage movement in the early 20th century, considers that by dropping the charges against the demonstrators Churchill implemented "a tacit quid pro quo The WSPU were angered that his promise was for within the next parliament, rather than the next session, and suffragettes marched on Downing Street , where scuffles broke out with the police; women and 3 men were arrested.

The following day another march on parliament was met with a police presence, and 18 demonstrators were arrested. On 19 November , newspapers reported on the events of the previous day. According to Morrell they "almost unanimously refrained from any mention of police brutality", and focussed instead on the behaviour of the suffragettes.

He initially tried to explain the image away by saying the woman had collapsed through exhaustion. Morrell observes that where sympathy was shown by newspapers, it was directed towards the policemen. The Times reported that "Several of the police had their helmets knocked off in carrying out their duty, one was disabled by a kick on the ankle, one was cut on the face by a belt, and one had his hand cut"; [77] The Daily Mirror wrote that "the police displayed great good temper and tact throughout and avoided making arrests, but as usual many of the Suffragettes refused to be happy until they were arrested On 3 March Georgiana Solomon —a suffragette who had been present at the demonstration—wrote to The Times to say that police had assaulted her.

She had been bed-ridden after their manhandling, and had not been able to make a complaint at the time. Instead, she had written to Churchill on 17 December with a full statement of what she had suffered, and the actions she had witnessed against others. She had received a formal acknowledgement, but no further letter from the government on the events.

Her letter to Churchill had been printed in full in the suffragette newspaper Votes for Women. The WSPU leadership were convinced that Churchill had given the police orders to manhandle the women, rather than arrest them quickly.

Black Friday has become one of the biggest shopping days of the year, when retailers reduce prices across their stock to kick-start the Christmas gift-buying season. Black Friday Steals on HotUKDeals. Taking place on the fourth Friday in November, Black Friday is the day on which many retailers dramatically slash their prices, marking the beginning of the Christmas shopping season. Ranging from electrical appliances to clothing, or even a summer holiday, HotUKDeals collects all the great Black Friday offers on their exclusive merchant pages. The UK is preparing for what could be its biggest Black Friday yet on 25 November, as the US import becomes a fixture on this side of the Atlantic. So what deals have retailers got in store for.